Formerly, in the era of spiritualism, to encourage the creation of new extraordinary tricks to surprise the public spirit more and more numerous and exalted in novelty, many mediums developed what was called the magnetic fluid, namely: ectoplasmas . We will see together the mysteries and how the ectoplasms were the progressive decline of spiritualism.


The medium Eva Carrière (Image credit: Wikipedia)

The first stories of these phenomena date back to the 1890s to end as mysteriously as it happened in the 1930s. Narrated by witnesses during seances, what were called spirit circles, witnesses said that the mediums were able to produce a substance as solid as liquid, or gaseous, always accompanied by an odor of ozone. This substance could take human forms, forms of hands, faces, objects, for a time of a few seconds to a few minutes, then disappeared as mysteriously as it had come.

Suspecting cases of fraud, journalists, police officers, paras-psychologists and scientists studied these phenomena, many mediums were surprised in a state of fraud. Indeed, to rig their sessions, many put in place illusory effects, such as light fabrics, egg whites, or carbon dioxide.

Helen Duncan (Image credit: Wikipedia)

Nevertheless, some cases of ectoplasm fraudulent could never be proven, especially for the case of Daniel Dunglas Home. Among the many tests performed on him, hands and feet tied and with a limited presence of person, he was able to levitate himself and create ectoplasms in different forms.

Gradually, this type of spiritism began to become more and more rare, and the scandals aimed at many mediums at that time were right spiritualism, disappearing little by little the ectoplasm of people’s heads.

If still today, the effects of levitations, turntables and creation of ectoplasm were the golden age of spiritualism, we also recognize that this “glorious” age came from the mediums, which were partly to the origin of spiritualism, and that by braggarts desperate to be on the front of the stage, they helped to destroy the honor and the authentic mediums, and this is unfortunately still relevant.

Image in Focus: The Medium Mina Stinson Granton (Credit: Unknown)



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