Two previous articles spoke to you about goétie and Dantalion, here is the time to make you discover another demon which often appears in the stories of demoniac possessions: Baal the demon with the 66 infernal legions.
In the beliefs of the goétie, notably in the Lemegeton book, Bael (Baal) is the first demon at the top of the list. He is the king of the eastern part of hell and rules his own infernal legions, he is presented as a three-headed creature, a toad, a cat and a man.
(image credit Louis le Breton, infernal dictionary)
Demonologists and mediums distinguish him by his raucous voice and his deceitful and invisible presence. But Baal’s origin became demonic only through the ascension of Christianity.
Baal is a basic God according to the Philistines, Hittites, Sumerians and Chaldeans. Baal is according to other religions the god of wealth and material possessions. Baal would be at the origin of the storms and the harvests would be linked to him, according to his mood, because with each storm he would die.
Baal was married to her own sister Astarté, who had the mission of bringing her husband back to life after each storm to allow the crops to be born. His worshippers practiced human sacrifice to thank Baal and his wife for their wealth and harvest. The evolution of beliefs transformed Baal into an Apollo among the Greeks or into Chronos among the Romans. Astarte also became Aphrodite among the Greeks or Venus among the Romans.
But Baal is an unsatisfied god who believes himself superior to the supreme god, El, who refuses that Baal becomes the god of the gods and it is a fight against his rival, Yam, the god of the oceans which allows Baal to become the god. This story is found during an archaeological discovery in 1920 in Ras Shamra. But Baal demands more from his worshippers than a simple virgin or old man’s sacrifice. He demands the sacrifice of every first born of every noble family, especially in his favourite city, Carthage (Tunisia).
In 310 there is in this city a most violent incident, whereas the Greeks had invaded the city of the inhabitants took refuge behind a wall. They are out of water and food is becoming increasingly scarce. The priests consider that Baal is angry against them because during this war the sacrifice of children is no longer practiced. They then build a huge statue of their God and set fire inside, then they take all the children from the nobles and burn them alive. But the inhabitants go mad and make a cult of the bloodiest, they kill themselves by throwing themselves into the fire, make orgies and kill their neighbours for the glory of Baal. The Greeks watch helplessly and manage to calm the cult. They destroy Baal’s statues and forbid sacrificial worship, allowing them to have substitutes for their beliefs. Baal then dropped gigantic trunks of water that annihilated crops and ravaged the earth.
(image credit statuette of Baal, Egypt, Quemerec)
But the inhabitants refuse to submit and fight against their new oppressor, Greece. During a new fight the city finds itself once again without water and the show recommends, the priests mutilate themselves in front of worshippers of Baal in full madness of murder after a reconstruction of the statue of Baal, the children who are born in the meantime are burned alive but the priests also take the children of the peasants.
The worshippers are also mutilating themselves and the waves of murders and suicides are starting again, this time there were thousands of victims. But another destructive storm comes and the Greeks decide to lift the camp, leaving the city in this state of destruction and ruin.
It is because of these bloody stories that Christians demonized Baal and his incestuous marriage. Baal is considered a general from the underworld to see the devil himself, he is also considered to be Beelzebub but still a member of his infernal legion.
Baal is very feared in the cases of diabolic possessions because he rarely leaves his victims alive, after having emptied them almost totally of their vital energies but especially it is very difficult or almost impossible to dislodge so much his hold is powerful.
Image credit on the front page:
- Seal of Baal, Lemegeton, Samuel Mathers in the book “The Key of Solomon)